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The Oxford Guide to Treaties

The Oxford Guide to Treaties


The Oxford Guide to Treaties

Edited by Duncan B. Hollis

ISBN: 9780198848349 (Hardcover)
Publicado: 28 July 2020
Páginas: 896

The Oxford Guide to Treaties is the authoritative reference point for anyone studying or involved in the creation or interpretation of treaties and other forms of international agreement. For centuries, treaties have regulated relations among nation states. Today, they are the dominant source of international law. From trade relations to greenhouse gases, from shipwrecks to cybercrime, treaties structure the rights and obligations of states, international organizations, and individuals. Being adept with treaties and international agreements is thus an indispensable skill for anyone engaged in international relations, including international lawyers, diplomats, international organization officials, and representatives of non-governmental organizations.

This second edition of the award-winning volume from Professor Duncan B. Hollis provides a comprehensive guide to treaties, shedding light on the rules and practices surrounding the making, interpretation, and operation of these instruments. Foundational issues are covered, from defining treaties and their alternatives, to examining current theorizations about the treaty in international law. Chapters review specific stages in the treaty’s life-cycle, including formation, application, interpretation, and exit. Special issues associated with treaties involving the European Union and other international organizations are also included. A section sampling over four hundred actual treaty clauses complements these scholarly treatments. These real examples help illustrate different approaches treaty-makers can take on topics such as entry into force, languages, reservations, and amendments.


Introduction, Duncan B. Hollis
Part I: Foundational Issues
1. Defining Treaties, Duncan B. Hollis
2. Current Theorizations about the Treaty in International Law, Jean d’Aspremont
3. Alternatives to Treaty-Making-Informal Agreements, Timothy Meyer
4. Compliance or Effectiveness? Assessing the Reach (and Limits) of Treaty-Making, Lisa L. Martin
Part II: The Treaty-Makers
5. Who Can Make Treaties? International Organizations, Olufemi Elias
6. Who Can Make Treaties? The European Union, Marise Cremona
7. Who Can Make Treaties? Other Subjects of International Law, Tom Grant
8. NGOs in International Treatymaking, Kal Raustiala
Part III: Treaty Formation
9. Making the Treaty, Carlos Iván Fuentes and Santiago Villalpando
10. Provisional Application of Treaties, Danae Azaria
11. Managing the Process of Treaty Formation: Depositaries and Registration, Arancha Hinojal-Oyarbide
12. Treaty Reservations, Edward T Swaine
Part IV: Treaty Application
13. The Relationship(s) between Treaties and Territory, Syméon Karagiannis
14. Treaty Amendments, Jutta Brunnée
15. Domestic Application of Treaties, David Sloss
16. State Succession in Respect of Treaty Relationships, Gerhard Hafner and Gregor Novak
17. Treaty Bodies and Regimes, Geir Ulfstein
18. Treaty Conflicts and Systemic Fragmentation, Christopher Borgen
Part V: Treaty Interpretation
19. The Vienna Convention Rules on Treaty Interpretation, Richard Gardiner
20. The Interpretation of Treaties over Time, Eirik Bjorge and Robert Kolb
21. Specialized Rules of Treaty Interpretation: Human Rights, Basak Çali
22. Specialized Rules of Treaty Interpretation: International Organizations (IOs), Catherine Brölmann
Part VI: Avoiding or Exiting Treaty Commitments
23. The Validity and Invalidity of Treaties, Jan Klabbers
24. Reacting Against Treaty Breaches, Bruno Simma and Christian J Tams
25. Exceptional Circumstances and Treaty Commitments, Malgosia Fitzmaurice
26. Terminating Treaties, Laurence R Helfer
Part VII: Treaty Clauses and Instruments
Initial Decisions on Treaty-Making
Conditions on Joining a Treaty
Constituting the Treaty and its Dissemination
Applying the Treaty
The End of Treaty Relations


Duncan B. Hollis is Laura H. Carnell Professor of Law at Temple University’s Beasley School of Law, a non-resident fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and an elected member of the OAS Inter-American Juridical Committee and the American Law Institute. He is the editor (with Allen Weiner) of one of the leading U.S. textbooks, International Law (7th ed. 2018) and he co-edited and co-authored National Treaty Law & Practice (2005), which surveyed nineteen States’ law and practice involving treaties. Prior to joining the Temple faculty, Professor Hollis served from 1998 to 2004 in the Office of the Legal Adviser at the U.S. Department of State. During his tenure at the State Department, he worked for several years as the attorney-adviser for treaty affairs, addressing legal and constitutional issues associated with U.S. treaties.


Duncan B. Hollis
Duncan B. Hollis
Jean d’Aspremont
Timothy Meyer
Lisa L. Martin
Olufemi Elias
Marise Cremona
Tom Grant
Kal Raustiala
Carlos Iván Fuentes and Santiago Villalpando
Danae Azaria
Arancha Hinojal-Oyarbide
Edward T Swaine
Syméon Karagiannis
Jutta Brunnée
David Sloss
Gerhard Hafner and Gregor Novak
Geir Ulfstein
Christopher Borgen


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